Map. History of Europe conflict

18 October 2017
7 месяц назад
Paris, TX.: Police officers arrested 16 people while answering 381 calls for service
7 месяц назад
Chalmette: woman fatally shot her husband before killing herself the St. Bernard Parish
7 месяц назад
Police: 20 of 43 detained at blockade were freed
7 месяц назад
Police detain Bosnian terror suspect in St. Pölten, Austria, linked to group of four men and one teenager arrested last week
7 месяц назад
USAF WC135C Constant Phoenix nuke sniffer - Last position logged passing over Israel at 31,000ft
7 месяц назад
Russia appears to have deployed special forces to an airbase in western Egypt near the border with Libya in recent days, U.S., Egyptian and diplomatic sources say
7 месяц назад
На Донетчине половину задержанных "блокадников" отпустили после получения показаний от них
7 месяц назад
Convoys of Russian military near Ukrainian border in Rostov region
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: Dutch election iWednesday. Here are 1392 documents from WikiLeaks archives referencing right-populist Geert Wilders
7 месяц назад
Protests in Chernivtsi and Vinnitsa, burning tires in support of occupied territories blockade
7 месяц назад
UK parliament approves final Brexit bill without amendments, allowing the prime minister to trigger Article 50
7 месяц назад
2nd Il-76 transport from Pskov to Marynovka to Dzhankoi
7 месяц назад
"Europe has not kept promises on migrant deal, for us, that agreement has ended": Turkish Deputy PM
7 месяц назад
Azov guarding wall at Sberbank branch in Kyiv
7 месяц назад
RuAF Il-76 transport from Marinovka to Dzhankoy
7 месяц назад
Austrian Chancellor Kern says; If a Turkish minister wanted to come to Austria to campaign for the referendum We would try to prohibit this
7 месяц назад
Spanish President to visit Brazil on 24-25 April. Get to know more
7 месяц назад
Stun-grenades, tear gas used as riots breaks out in Athens, Greece.
7 месяц назад
Turkey says Dutch ambassador can't return, will advise parliament to withdraw from Dutch-Turkish friendship group
7 месяц назад
Turkey halts all high-level political discussions with the Netherlands
7 месяц назад
Deputy PM Kurtulmuş: Council of Ministers has decided to bar the Dutch ambassador from returning to Turkey
7 месяц назад
Greece: Clashes in Athens after cops attack protest in solidarity with evicted #squatsGR
7 месяц назад
Moment when Dutch DSI Units disarmed the Bodyguards of Turkey Minister Kaya in Rotterdam Netherlands
7 месяц назад
Activists protesting at Volyn Region state administration
7 месяц назад
Под Администрацией президента скандируют «Позор!»
7 месяц назад
Проход к Администрации президента преградил кордон нацгвардейцев
7 месяц назад
Clashes near Olenivka, Dokuchaevsk
7 месяц назад
Участники акции в поддержку «блокады Донбасса» уходят с Майдана Независимости к Администрации президента
7 месяц назад
Syrian Turkmens message to Netherlands: (Eng-Sub)
7 месяц назад
Police operation in Toretsk - only local citizens allowed
7 месяц назад
Merkel says Erdogan comments 'absurd': spokesman
7 месяц назад
RC-135W Heading down the east coast, returning to RAF Mildenhall
7 месяц назад
#Харьков активисты обратились к @poroshenko с требованием прекращения применения насилия к активистам
7 месяц назад
British MPs approve bill to trigger Brexit
7 месяц назад
RUAF Su-34s from Voronezh deployed to Besovets, Petrozavodsk.
7 месяц назад
#Харьков сейчас возле палатки на площади Свободы собираются активисты для поездки на блокаду
7 месяц назад
Erdogan accuses Merkel of 'supporting terrorists'
7 месяц назад
Turkish President Erdoğan on Turkish TV addresses German chancellor Merkel, following support for Netherlands: Shame on you
7 месяц назад
Оружие изъятое @ServiceSsu и @NPU_GOV_UA на железнодорожном переезде в Кривом Торце у блокировщиков
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: Wonder why most US journalists are toothless? Look at the beliefs of those training them #CIA #Vault7
7 месяц назад
Merkel Cancels Meeting With Trump, Snowstorm Cited -Spokesman
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: RT @tedlieu: @BradMossEsq Section 702 of FISA allows IC to capture info on US citizens w/o a warrant & have that used in court. We need to…
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: RT @Snowden: As a DNI analyst at NTOC-H, I often read internet traffic to or from the US; no warrant needed. @RandPaul is right:
7 месяц назад
SBU on crackdown on activists: Cause of increased terror threat in Donetsk region, to prevent attacks SBU detained armed group of 43 persons. 8 guns seized
7 месяц назад
Turkey's Erdogan slams Merkel for siding with Netherlands, accuses Germany of supporting terrorism
7 месяц назад
152-мм артиллерия работает в Светлодарске
7 месяц назад
Turkish President Erdogan says will go to European Court of Human Rights over Netherlands dispute
7 месяц назад
Волонтер из Киевской области был ранен в Авдеевке
7 месяц назад
Появилось видео разгона редута блокады "ЛДНР"
7 месяц назад
Жан Ассельборн и министр иностранных дел Украины Павел Климкин посетили Мариуполь
7 месяц назад
US President Trumpand German Chancellor Merkel agreed to postpone their first meeting. It's now scheduled for Friday
7 месяц назад
Sean Spicer: President Trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel's meeting has been rescheduled for March 17
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: Meeting with Germany Chancellor postponed until March 17, due to weather concerns.
7 месяц назад
Russia: 3000 soldiers and 700 pieces of hardware executed a march of 1000km to get to the Astrakhan Oblast, now at the Ashuluk range.
7 месяц назад
Geert Wilders, in TV debate ahead of Wednesday's elections, says the Netherlands leaving the EU "is the best thing that could happen to us"
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: Terrified talk in US national security circles that WikiLeaks is going to publish many CIA or NSA intercepts of Merkel tonight or tomorrow.
7 месяц назад
Russian military aircraft (MiG-31s/Su-24s) were urgently transferred to Western Siberia after a sudden check
7 месяц назад
В ЕС заявили, что не признают так называемых выборов, которые устроили сепаратисты в Абхазии, неподконтрольном Тбилиси регионе Грузии
7 месяц назад
Большая колонна военной техники сегодня в Керченско-Феодосийской трассе
Большая колонна военной техники сегодня в Керченско-Феодосийской трассе
7 месяц назад
Athens, Greece: Police evict 2 squats, 7 anarchists and over 100 refugees detained
7 месяц назад
Earlier today, Secretary Tillerson hosted Greece's Minister of Foreign Affairs Nikos Kotzias at @StateDept.
7 месяц назад
Norwegian journalist was attacked in Istanbul whom they mistook to be Dutch
7 месяц назад
Leader of the Labour Party Corbyn says he would not oppose a second Scottish independence referendum
7 месяц назад
Обстрелы в Авдеевке возобновились
7 месяц назад
Послание сирийских туркменов в Нидерланды
7 месяц назад
Foreign Min. Kotzias satisfied with first meeting with US Secy of State Tillerson, had chance to present Greek views, his analysis on region
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: CIA advertises internships. Whistleblowing opportunity?
7 месяц назад
Theresa May, asked about a second Scottish referendum, says "politics is not a game"
7 месяц назад
UK will not let lawmakers tie May's hands in Brexit talks - spokesman
7 месяц назад
Two U.N. officials of U.S., Swedish nationality kidnapped in central Congo
7 месяц назад
EC president Donald Tusk has said he won't be able to testify at a district prosecutor's office in Warsaw
30 человек были задержаны на блокпосту в Кривом Торце  во время полицейской облавы7 месяц назад
30 человек были задержаны на блокпосту в Кривом Торце во время полицейской облавы
Повреждения в Красногоровке после вчерашнего обстрела7 месяц назад
Повреждения в Красногоровке после вчерашнего обстрела
7 месяц назад
Авдеевка: интенсивный обстрел шахты "Бутовка" с 4 часов вечера
7 месяц назад
Глава МИД Украины назвал провокацией участие Юлии Самойловой в "Евровидении"
7 месяц назад
As far as I know he resigned because Odisha results (zila parishad) weren't good: Brijesh Kalappa on AICC Gen Secy BK Hariprasad's resignation
7 месяц назад
Турция пересмотрит соглашение о беженцах с Европейским Союзом, заявил представитель Турции в ЕС
7 месяц назад
Dutch PM Rutte says nationalist Wilders could win election
7 месяц назад
Video: Fareed Zakaria explores why Putin is the most powerful man in the world
7 месяц назад
Турция не пытается повлиять на выборы в Нидерландах: премьер-министр Нидерландов
7 месяц назад
Премьер-министр Нидерландов Марк Рютте заявил, что они не могут вести переговоры с Турцией на фоне их угроз
Dutch PM Rutte: elections are quarter finals in fight against populists. Half finals in France. Finals in Germany7 месяц назад
Dutch PM Rutte: elections are quarter finals in fight against populists. Half finals in France. Finals in Germany
7 месяц назад
"Мы никогда не будем вести переговоры под угрозами со стороны турецкого правительства", - заявил премьер Нидерландов Рютте
7 месяц назад
Sweden edges up military spending, says more to come
7 месяц назад
Downing Street: A second Scottish independence referendum "would be divisive and cause huge economic uncertainty at the worst possible time"
7 месяц назад
Scotland independence vote would be 'divisive': Downing St
7 месяц назад
В центре Киева активисты забаррикадировали вход в российский Сбербанк бетонными блоками - ул. Владимирская, 46
NATO leaders will discuss in May how the Alliance is adapting to new security challenges, says SecGen7 месяц назад
NATO leaders will discuss in May how the Alliance is adapting to new security challenges, says SecGen
7 месяц назад
Пророссийские боевики обстреливают Авдеевку из "Градов"
Пророссийские боевики обстреливают Авдеевку из
7 месяц назад
ЕС призывает Турцию воздержаться от "чрезмерно громких заявлений" после нацистских комментариев относительно голландцев
Воинский эшелон в Краснодаре вчера7 месяц назад
Воинский эшелон в Краснодаре вчера
Турция «безоговорочно введёт санкции» против Нидерландов: министр7 месяц назад
Турция «безоговорочно введёт санкции» против Нидерландов: министр
7 месяц назад
НАТО и Европейский Союз призывают Турцию к деэскалации напряженности, возникшей на фоне дипломатического скандала с Нидерландами
7 месяц назад
Глава НАТО призывает Турцию и её союзников к «деэскалации» напряженности
7 месяц назад
Scotland first minister Sturgeon says Scotland to seek new independence referendum in 2018 / 2019
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: "If there's any lesson learned from Afghanistan, it's that [NATO] should have started earlier to train local troops"
7 месяц назад
NATO is strong because it is able to adapt. When the world is changing, NATO is changing, says @jensstoltenberg
7 месяц назад
NATO chief says increased defence spending 'essential' to US ties
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: Burden sharing is not just about spending more, but spending better. We must invest in new capabilities
7 месяц назад
Scotland to make request for new independence referendum: Sturgeon
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: We reaffirmed pledge to invest more in defense. In 2016, 23 Allies increased defense expenditure in real terms
ФСБ задержала двух крымских правозащитников7 месяц назад
ФСБ задержала двух крымских правозащитников
UK government has not moved an inch towards compromise, Scotland has hit brick wall - Sturgeon7 месяц назад
UK government has not moved an inch towards compromise, Scotland has hit brick wall - Sturgeon
7 месяц назад
NATO SecGen @jensstoltenberg: "Cyber attacks are a global threat"
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: "cyber is a growing threat and NATO is making good progress" fighting ave 500 attacks/month, 60% up over 2015
.@jensstoltenberg launches NATO annual report under what he calls greatest challenges in alliance history7 месяц назад
[email protected] launches NATO annual report under what he calls greatest challenges in alliance history
7 месяц назад
NATO SecGen @jensstoltenberg presents 2016 Annual Report
British, Australian nationals jailed in Bali for murder of policeman7 месяц назад
British, Australian nationals jailed in Bali for murder of policeman
7 месяц назад
Полковник Лысенко: Донецкое направление: Авдеевка и соседние с ней позиции остаются горячей точкой. Противник использует минометы, танки и даже "Грады"
7 месяц назад
Kremlin spokesperson Peskov; We are tired of the continues allegations that U.S President Trump and his team may have connections to Russia
Экс-президент Абхазии Анкваб побеждает на парламентских выборах в первом туре7 месяц назад
Экс-президент Абхазии Анкваб побеждает на парламентских выборах в первом туре
Сергей #Жадан сообщает, что его не пускают в зону АТО, где он должен был выступить для военных.7 месяц назад
Сергей #Жадан сообщает, что его не пускают в зону АТО, где он должен был выступить для военных.
7 месяц назад
Мэр Роттердама Ахмед Абуталеб в субботу: "Эти люди не являются гражданами Турции, они являются голландцами, проживающими в Нидерландах"
7 месяц назад
Голландцы призывают своих соотечественников в Турции соблюдать осторожность в условиях «дипломатической напряженности»
7 месяц назад
В дипломатическом письме Турция заявила Нидерландам, что обращение к турецкому министру является нарушением Венской конвенции
7 месяц назад
Турция вызвала голландского поверенного в третий раз за время кризиса с Нидерландами
7 месяц назад
Глава "ДНР" установил для линии соприкосновения в Донбассе статус "госграницы"
7 месяц назад
Главком Росгвардии объявил первую внезапную проверку
7 месяц назад
Россия начала внезапную проверку войск на базах в Армении и Абхазии
7 месяц назад
Немецкие законодатели призывают к выводу войск Бундесвера из Турции
7 месяц назад
В Южном военном округе РФ проводят внезапную проверку боеготовности войск
82 атаки на украинские позиции вчера, 5 военнослужащих УА были ранены7 месяц назад
82 атаки на украинские позиции вчера, 5 военнослужащих УА были ранены
7 месяц назад
A spokesman for the Kremlin says "Russia is being demonized"
7 месяц назад
Штаб АТО: "Грады" снова прилетают в Авдеевку
Russia TV right now: 7 месяц назад
Russia TV right now: "The whole history of mankind is the history of war! Let's rehearse in the Middle East!" (Applaus).
Russia TV right now: 7 месяц назад
Russia TV right now: "We will deceive you in the West!" (Applaus).
7 месяц назад
Бои в районе Логвиново-Калиновки, работает тяжелая артиллерия
7 месяц назад
Столкновения на Светлодарской дуге
Anti-corruption march today in Bucharest7 месяц назад
Anti-corruption march today in Bucharest
7 месяц назад
Столкновения между Докучаевском и Новотроицком
46 человек задержали по всей Беларуси за «Марши недармаедаў» КАРТА7 месяц назад
46 человек задержали по всей Беларуси за «Марши недармаедаў» КАРТА
Полиция: На Харьковщине не допущено перекрытие движения поездов группой радикально настроенных лиц7 месяц назад
Полиция: На Харьковщине не допущено перекрытие движения поездов группой радикально настроенных лиц
7 месяц назад
Kremlin Spokesman: Russia Impatient With Trump Administration
Эрдоган призывает международные организации ввести санкции в отношении Нидерландов7 месяц назад
Эрдоган призывает международные организации ввести санкции в отношении Нидерландов
Эрдоган заявил, что Нидерланды ведут себя как 7 месяц назад
Эрдоган заявил, что Нидерланды ведут себя как "банановая республика"
.@Nigel_Farage: 7 месяц назад
[email protected]_Farage: "Who in this world puts the interest of their next-door neighbor's family above the interest of theirs?"
German finance minister says row with Turkey makes economic aid difficult7 месяц назад
German finance minister says row with Turkey makes economic aid difficult
.@Nigel_Farage: 7 месяц назад
[email protected]_Farage: "It might be better if people like Clinton and Blair stop moaning and recognize that the world has changed."
Станица Луганская: очереди на контрольно-пропускном пункте сегодня7 месяц назад
Станица Луганская: очереди на контрольно-пропускном пункте сегодня
7 месяц назад
Еще несколько ракет "Град" были запущены в районе Донецка
Митинг турков в Амстердаме7 месяц назад
Митинг турков в Амстердаме
Russia deploys more Italian-made Iveco LMV tactical vehicles to Syria.7 месяц назад
Russia deploys more Italian-made Iveco LMV tactical vehicles to Syria.
Belarus TV now scaring protesters with 7 месяц назад
Belarus TV now scaring protesters with "KGB", "consequences of Maidan"
7 месяц назад
Makiivka: MLRS GRAD outgoing fire near closed Ordzhonikidze mine
7 месяц назад
German minister links Essen security alert to Islamic State
Britain has a Brexit backup plan if talks fail, says minister7 месяц назад
Britain has a Brexit backup plan if talks fail, says minister
Makiivka: reports of surface-to-air missile launch7 месяц назад
Makiivka: reports of surface-to-air missile launch
7 месяц назад
Denmark's PM asked Turkish counterpart @BA_Yildirim to postpone a planned visit due to tensions between Ankara and the Netherlands
Dutch PM: Turkish president must stop provocation, apologise for comments7 месяц назад
Dutch PM: Turkish president must stop provocation, apologise for comments
7 месяц назад
Total 8 people were detained in Orsha, including journalists
Turkey will take steps against the Netherlands until it apologizes: minister7 месяц назад
Turkey will take steps against the Netherlands until it apologizes: minister
Turkey will take steps against the Netherlands until it apologizes: minister7 месяц назад
Turkey will take steps against the Netherlands until it apologizes: minister
Fillon's party apologises for anti-Semitic attack on French rival Macron7 месяц назад
Fillon's party apologises for anti-Semitic attack on French rival Macron
7 месяц назад
Putin spokesman: Clinton advisers met with Russian ambassador "lots" of times
Fire in Luhansk today7 месяц назад
Fire in Luhansk today
Nasta Piliuhina: I was released. Galina Abakunchik from @svaboda still in police7 месяц назад
Nasta Piliuhina: I was released. Galina Abakunchik from @svaboda still in police
Retired Rogachev policeman: Protests around the country show that people have stopped being afraid.7 месяц назад
Retired Rogachev policeman: Protests around the country show that people have stopped being afraid.
7 месяц назад
Boris Johnson claims Russia was behind plot to assassinate PM of Montenegro as he warns of Putin's 'dirty tricks'
7 месяц назад
Ukraine Army Intelligence (GUR) warns Russia has send news crews to Donetsk and its vicinity.
Donbas blockade: riot police deployed at blockade checkpoint at Kupyansk7 месяц назад
Donbas blockade: riot police deployed at blockade checkpoint at Kupyansk
7 месяц назад
Russian Il-76 landing at Taganrog
Man who read 7 месяц назад
Man who read "Donetsk Republic declaration" in April 2014 Vladimir Makovich died in Donetsk
Up to 500 people protesting in Rahachow, Gomel' region7 месяц назад
Up to 500 people protesting in Rahachow, Gomel' region
7 месяц назад
Denmark postpones Turkey Prime Minister's visit to Copenhagen after Ankara's tensions with other European countries.
Small crowd, maybe 100 people, demonstrate peacefully in front of Dutch consulate in Istanbul. Netherlands flag  up.7 месяц назад
Small crowd, maybe 100 people, demonstrate peacefully in front of Dutch consulate in Istanbul. Netherlands flag up.
7 месяц назад
"The biggest rally in Rahachow ever" - many said
7 месяц назад
Dutch Foreign Ministry says Turkish authorities are responsible for safety of diplomats in Turkey
7 месяц назад
Dutch PM @markrutte says biggest problem is Turkish gov talking about Turkish citizens in Netherlands. "They are Dutch citizens," he says
The mayor of Maladzyechna went to protesters - was booed7 месяц назад
The mayor of Maladzyechna went to protesters - was booed
Задерживают журналистов Белсата на въезде в Рогачёв7 месяц назад
Задерживают журналистов Белсата на въезде в Рогачёв
Çavuşoğlu‏: Replied questions of the media in Metz. We underline once again: An apology from the Netherlands is not enough.7 месяц назад
Çavuşoğlu‏: Replied questions of the media in Metz. We underline once again: An apology from the Netherlands is not enough.
As a result of an artillery strike on the strongpoint of the armed forces of Armenia, the enemy has lost up to 5 servicemen7 месяц назад
As a result of an artillery strike on the strongpoint of the armed forces of Armenia, the enemy has lost up to 5 servicemen
Activist and several journalists were detained in Orsha7 месяц назад
Activist and several journalists were detained in Orsha
President Erdoğan says those who attack my citizens with dogs in the Netherlands will pay the price7 месяц назад
President Erdoğan says those who attack my citizens with dogs in the Netherlands will pay the price
7 месяц назад
Azerbaijan defense minister says armed forces destroyed enemy checkpoint
7 месяц назад
Police raid in Offenburg, Germany. Possible attack on Night club prevented
People gathering in Orsha despite random detention by police across city7 месяц назад
People gathering in Orsha despite random detention by police across city
People gathering in Orsha despite random detention by police across city
Около 700 человек или больше сейчас в Бобруйске. Лозунги уже в основном за отставку Лукашенко и правительства7 месяц назад
Около 700 человек или больше сейчас в Бобруйске. Лозунги уже в основном за отставку Лукашенко и правительства
People gathered in Brest, though action was not planned. Police on the site7 месяц назад
People gathered in Brest, though action was not planned. Police on the site
In Babrujsk, Belarus, hundreds join protest today against 7 месяц назад
In Babrujsk, Belarus, hundreds join protest today against "social vagabond" tax and poor economic conditions
7 месяц назад
Police of Luhansk region is on high alert cause of information of possible terror attacks
7 месяц назад
No water and no electricity in Avdiivka after attacks
Chemical plant 7 месяц назад
Chemical plant "TolyattiAzot" is on fire in Tolyatti
Polish memorial in Pidkamin' of L'viv region was vandalized7 месяц назад
Polish memorial in Pidkamin' of L'viv region was vandalized
7 месяц назад
Fire at Tolyatti chemical plant still not contained
7 месяц назад
В ходе беспорядков в Батуми задержаны 40 человек
Protest in Orsha, Viterbsk region7 месяц назад
Protest in Orsha, Viterbsk region
Damage in Avdiivka after yesterdays shelling7 месяц назад
Damage in Avdiivka after yesterdays shelling
#Марьинка - Октябрьская 60б сегодня утром7 месяц назад
#Марьинка - Октябрьская 60б сегодня утром
Heavy police presence continues this morning before blocked Dutch consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.7 месяц назад
Heavy police presence continues this morning before blocked Dutch consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.
75 attacks on Ukrainian positions yesterday, 2 soldiers killed in clashes with Russian scout group7 месяц назад
75 attacks on Ukrainian positions yesterday, 2 soldiers killed in clashes with Russian scout group
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: WSJ: Authorities questioning contractors over CIA leaks
7 месяц назад
[email protected]: IETF releases statement on CIA leaks #Vault7
Sporadic clashes now all around Turkey Consulate compound, Rotterdam, Netherlands7 месяц назад
Sporadic clashes now all around Turkey Consulate compound, Rotterdam, Netherlands
7 месяц назад
Dutch police use water cannon, horses to break up Turkish rally
Rotterdam: water-cannon in action near Turkish consulate7 месяц назад
Rotterdam: water-cannon in action near Turkish consulate
Clashes between protesters and police in Rotterdam7 месяц назад
Clashes between protesters and police in Rotterdam
7 месяц назад
Turkish Minister confirms in tweet that Dutch police are escorting her out to German border near Nijmegen
Rotterdam: Water cannon arrived7 месяц назад
Rotterdam: Water cannon arrived
Tense situation near Turkish Consulate in Rotterdam7 месяц назад
Tense situation near Turkish Consulate in Rotterdam
Dutch Police helicopter following the Turkish Minister of Families as she is driven to the German border7 месяц назад
Dutch Police helicopter following the Turkish Minister of Families as she is driven to the German border
First reports of clashes of protesters with police near Turkish consulate in Rotterdam7 месяц назад
First reports of clashes of protesters with police near Turkish consulate in Rotterdam
.@wikileaks: CIA virus creation rules show obsession with avoiding US attribution for its attacks and evading forensic analysis7 месяц назад
[email protected]: CIA virus creation rules show obsession with avoiding US attribution for its attacks and evading forensic analysis
Police convoy carrying detained Turkish minister leaves scene near consulate7 месяц назад
Police convoy carrying detained Turkish minister leaves scene near consulate
7 месяц назад
Turkey's family affairs minister emerges from armored vehicle, is taken to another vehicle by police officers